substratum

вимова
명. 하층, 하층토

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"You've never walked a specific part of the Substratum," Roland said, "just your wants and desires.
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CO2 is the necessary substratum for photosynthesis.
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Despite the extreme marine currents prevailing in the strait, drilling in the central section was successfully completed to a depth of 325 m beneath a 275-m layer of water, yet did not reach the flysch substratum.
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Good housing is a basic element of good health and provides the substratum underpinning the family relations and the interfaces with the physical, chemical and social environments which determine most of the risks to health.
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Human rights are increasingly being presented as the common language and the ethical substratum of international relations.
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Quantitative sampling of hard substratum environments in the deep sea is something that academic scientists do not routinely achieve.
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Such fishing techniques can cause direct physical damage to the reef substratum.
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Nuclear armament is simply devastating for people and for the environment; it destroys people's lives and the substratum of every decent economy.
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Guy Moscardo is the perfect subject for my investigation into cinephilia and its reactionary substratum.
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71822) is a 24 wells system containing biochemical substrata and dried antimycotics for the identification of the most clinically important yeasts and sensitivity evaluation to antimycotics.
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Синоніми

an indigenous language that contributes features to the language of an invading people who impose their language on the indigenous population: substrate, indigenous language
any stratum or layer lying underneath another: substrate, stratum
a surface on which an organism grows or is attached: substrate, surface


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